Who Were The Dynasty Emperors

Emperors

Order

Name

Notes

Reign Time (years)

Western Han (206 BC – 8 AD)

1

HAN GAOZU

(LIU BANG)

Son of a peasant family; He revolted against the rule of Qin. After defeating Xiangyu (his rival) during a four-year war, he established the Western Han in 202 BC and ruled the country for 12 years.

206 BC – 195 BC

2

HAN HUIDI

(LIU YING)

Son of Liu Bang; Because he was inept to be an emperor, the power was held in the hand of his mother, Lu Zhou.

195 BC – 188 BC

3

HAN ZHOU

(LU ZHI)

Wife of Liu Bang; After Liu Bang died, she was in the seat of power although Liu Ying, Liu Gong and Liu Hong were the emperors in succession.

188 BC – 180 BC

4

HAN WENDI

(LIU HENG)

The fourth son of Liu Bang; He lightened the taxes and paid great importance to production thus promoting the development of society. Also he was a famously frugal emperor.

180 BC – 157 BC

5

HAN JINGDI

(LIU QI)

Son of Han Wendi; He carried out serious measures like Wendi had done and obtained good results.

157 BC – 141 BC

6

HAN WUDI

(LIU CHE)

The ninth son of Han Jingdi; He subdued the ethnic Xiongnu (Hun) invaders by wars. The Western Han was in its most powerful period during the reign of the Han Wudi.

141 BC – 87 BC

7

HAN ZHAODI

(LIU FULING)

The youngest son of Han Wudi; He lightened the burden of the peasants and was on good terms with Xiongnu (Hun).

87 BC – 74 BC

8

HAN XUANDI

(LIU XUN)

Also called Liu Bingyi and the great grandson of Han Wudi; During his reign, the ruling position of Confucianism was strengthened and burdens of the people were reduced greatly.

74 BC – 49 BC

9

HAN YUANDI

(LIU SHI)

Son of Han Xuandi; The Western Han began to decline during his reign.

49 BC – 33 BC

10

HAN CHENGDI

(LIU AO)

Son of Han Yuandi; He squandered the countries wealth, which caused the country to decline.

33 BC – 7 BC

11

HAN AIDI

(LIU XIN)

Nephew of Han Chengdi; Although all kinds of social contradictions were sharp, he only believed in ghosts and gods to solve all the problems with the result that Wang Mang stole power.

7 BC – 1 BC

12

HAN PINGDI

(LIU KAN)

Grandson of Han Yuandi; was really a puppet of Wang Mang. Later, he was poisoned to death by Wang Mang.

1 BC – 5 AD

13

RUZI

(LIU YING)

He came to the throne when he was two years old. In 8 AD, Wang Mang claimed himself as the emperor and killed Ruzi in 25 AD.

5 AD – 25 AD

Xin Dynasty (9 – 23)

14

WANG MANG

Nephew of the queen of Han Yuandi. In 8 AD, he became the emperor of the Western Han and changed the country’s name to ‘Xin’ the next year. Although he carried out a series of measures, the society was in great disarray. His reign was finally overthrown by a peasant revolt.

9 – 23

Eastern Han (25 – 220)

15

GUANG WUDI

(LIU XIU)

He joined the troops to rebel against the Xin. After defeating the army of Wang Mang, he re-established the Han Dynasty making Luoyang its capital city.

25 – 57

16

MINGDI

(LIU ZHUANG)

The fourth son of Guang Wudi; People lived a stable life during his reign. The famous White Horse Temple was built under his order.

57 – 75

17

ZHANGDI

(LIU DA)

The fifth son of Mingdi; He was also regarded as a calligraphist adept at cursive scripts.

75 – 88

18

HEDI

(LIU ZHAO)

The fourth son of Zhangdi

88 – 105

19

SHANGDI

(LIU LONG)

The youngest son of Hedi

105 – 106

20

ANDI

(LIU HU)

Grandson of Zhangdi; The social divide was increased and all kinds of social contradictions became sharp under his rule.

106 – 125

21

SHUNDI

(LIU BAO)

Son of Andi; Eunuch grasped the power to deal with the state affairs under his reign.

125 – 144

22

CHONGDI

(LIU BING)

Son of Shundi

144 – 145

23

ZHIDI

(LIU ZUAN)

Great grandson of Zhangdi

145 – 146

24

HUANDI

(LIU ZHI)

Great grandson of Zhangdi

146 – 167

25

LINGDI

(LIU HONG)

Great-great-grandson of Zhangdi; the country was again in great disarray, meaning that people lived a very hard life. The rule of Lingdi intensified all kinds of social (divides) contradictions that caused the insurgence led by Zhang Jiao.

168 – 189

26

XIANDI

(LIU XIE)

Son of Lingdi; the Han Dynasty perished under his reign.

189 – 220

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